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In a nutshell an SSP1 form is a document that must be issued by an employer when an employee is not entitled (or no longer entitled) to Statutory Sick Pay. SSP1 forms can then be used by the worker to apply for Universal Credit or Employment and Support Allowance.


There are multiple reasons why an employee may not be entitled to Statutory Sickness Payments and may require an SSP1 form to be issued;

  • Employee has already received the maximum 28 weeks of SSP.
  • Earns on average less than the qualifying earnings (£116 per week).
  • If employee is receiving statutory maternity pay (see our blog for further information on SSP and pregnancy).


Issuing an SSP1 form at the correct time is important. There are two incidences in which SSP1 forms must be issued, when an employee’s sickness is coming to an end or if they are not entitled to receive SSP in the first instance.

If an employee’s SSP is coming to an end;

  • If SSP ends unexpectedly but the employee is still sick the SSP1 must be issued within 7 days of the SSP ending.
  • If the SSP is expected to end but the employee is still sick and expects to be sick beyond the maximum 28 weeks of SSP, then the SSP1 form must be issued on or before the beginning of the 23rd week.

If employee does not qualify for SSP;

  • SSP1 must be issued within 7 days of employee going off sick.
  • Or the SSP1 form must be issued on the first payday when the employee has returned to work.

If you’d like to learn more about absenteeism in the workplace and how to manage it effectively, click here to book onto our ‘Calculating the Cost of Absence’ seminar.

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